Varnish is an advanced reverse proxy and HTTP accelerator. At a basic level, it can act as a lightweight, very fast, and highly configurable static cache in front of your Drupal site. It also works as a load balancer and has some other tricks up it's sleeve, but for Drupal VM's purposes, you can think of it as a simple way to supercharge your site via proxy caching.

To enable Varnish, make sure varnish is in the list of your installed_extras in config.yml, and run vagrant provision.

There are a few varnish configuration variables further down in default.config.yml that you may wish to configure. You can use your own .vcl file template (instead of the generic Drupal 7-focused generic one) by editing the varnish_default_vcl_template_path, and you can use a different port for Varnish by changing varnish_listen_port.

If you'd like to use Varnish on port 80, and switch Apache to a different backend port, you can do so pretty easily; just make sure you have the following values set in your config.yml file, and run vagrant provision to have Ansible make the necessary changes:

apache_listen_port: "81"

varnish_listen_port: "80"
varnish_default_backend_port: "81"

Required Drupal Changes

In order for Varnish to actually do anything helpful (instead of just pass through requests and responses to/from the Apache backend), you need to set a few settings in Drupal:

  • On the /admin/config/development/performance page:
    • Check the 'Cache pages for anonymous users' setting (if it's not already enabled).
    • Set both the 'Minimum Cache Lifetime' and 'Expiration of cached pages' values to something reasonable (e.g. 5, 10, or 15 minutes—or much more if you don't update the content on the site much!).

You will also need to make a few small changes to your site's settings.php configuration to make Drupal work correctly behind a reverse proxy like Varnish:

$settings['reverse_proxy'] = TRUE;
$settings['reverse_proxy_addresses'] = array('127.0.0.1');

If you don't set these values, Drupal will think all requests are coming from 127.0.0.1. There are other settings you can change to make Drupal not store copies of cached pages in the Database (since Varnish is caching everything, this is redundant), but those other settings are not covered here.

Extending the base drupalvm.vcl.j2 template

If you can't customize via variables because an option isn't exposed, you can extend the base drupalvm.vcl.j2 through Jinja2 template inheritance.

varnish_default_vcl_template_path: "{{ config_dir }}/templates/drupalvm.vcl.j2"

Either copy the drupalvm.vcl.j2 and modify it to your liking, or extend it and override the blocks you need to adjust.

If you extend Drupal VM's provided base template, the path referenced should to be relative to playbook.yml.

{% extends 'templates/drupalvm.vcl.j2' %}

{% block backend -%}
{{ super() }}
.connect_timeout = 1s;
{% endblock %}

{% block vcl_deliver -%}
unset resp.http.X-Url;
unset resp.http.X-Host;
unset resp.http.Purge-Cache-Tags;
# Do not set X-Varnish-Cache headers.
{% endblock %}

The {{ super() }} Jinja2 function returns the original block content from the base template.

For a list of available role variables, see the geerlingguy.varnish Ansible role's README.